Every year, ATVs are becoming an increasingly popular vehicle in our area. Most often they are used for outdoor activities: walking in the wild, hunting or fishing. All kinds of competitions among ATVs are also organized. And, of course, ATVs and ATVs have been widely used in agriculture.
It is clear that ATV is a rather specific transport and many have the question “How to learn to ride a quad bike?”. In fact, everything is very simple. Also note that there are special schools in which you will be taught all the nuances of driving an all-terrain vehicle. In addition, you will need a school in order to get the rights to an ATV.
On the other hand, if you plan to rent a quad bike 1-2 times a year for small off-road trips, then it makes no sense to spend your time and money on specialized schools. Everything can be understood on the spot.
Safety comes first! Be sure to use a helmet. Even if you intend to ride calmly and slowly, wear a helmet.
Now we climb onto the quadric and get comfortable. We start the device. On modern ATVs, this is done by pressing a button on the steering wheel. If it doesn’t work, then you can work as a kick starter. Has your four-wheeled friend grunted? Fine! So you can go.
Now we give gas and go! The gas lever, as a rule, is located on the right handle of the steering wheel, and is controlled by means of the thumb. They pressed the lever and drove off.
As you can see, everything is very simple. The only thing that can ruffle your nerves is a gear shift.
The gears are shifted using the lever, which is located under the foot. However, each model has its own characteristics in switching. Also note that most modern quadrics are equipped with automatic transmission. In this case, you do not have to strain.
Well, do not forget about the brakes. You need to control them using the levers on the steering wheel. This system is known to all. Before you hit the road, it's worth figuring out where the front brake is and where the rear brake is.
Where can I ride an ATV? Yes, anywhere. Of course, in addition to public roads. The first few times on a quad bike is better to ride in an open and flat area.
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Basics of management
In order to curb the ATV, it is enough to be able to ride a car or motorcycle. An analogy is being seen. In fact, there is nothing complicated or special in managing such a technique. And the answer to the question of how to control the ATV is quite simple.
To get started, you should learn to start moving and stop. After that, you can master the turns and turns. The problem is that usually the ride on an ATV takes place over rough terrain, and you need to not only follow the road, but also try to stay in the saddle.
When you overcome bumps on an ATV, you need to constantly change the position of your body. Before the obstacle, you should shift your torso back (to soften the impact of the wheels on the obstacle), then when driving on unevenness, you should move the body back to the front (preventing the front wheels from tearing excessively off the ground). After that, when the rear wheels are trying to tear themselves off the ground, you need to move back again (this will also protect you from flying out of the saddle). You can already begin to understand that there is nothing particularly complicated in the matter of how to control the ATV. There are just nuances, but they are present everywhere.
Racks for driving
There are three main driving racks that ATV drivers use. Let's consider them in more detail:
- The middle stance is used for driving on straight roads. The center of gravity of the body is evenly placed on the ATV. The driver's legs are slightly bent at the knees, the back and arms are relaxed. Hands a little apart.
- Front desk (shifted center of gravity of the body towards the steering wheel). Such a stand is needed for sharp acceleration, when climbing into the mountains, as well as for loading the front wheels when necessary.
- When braking, the rear strut is used. It is also needed for descent from the mountains and for loading the rear axle.
Often you have to combine racks and change them quickly. This is especially necessary when the speed is high, and the terrain is not quite smooth. For such "pokatushek" it is desirable to already have a good experience riding such a technique.
Now is the time to talk about typical mistakes in the question of how to control the ATV:
- It is considered wrong to stand on straight legs, controlling the equipment.
- Also, do not lean on your hands and always keep your back tense.
These errors will lead to the fact that you will receive significant shock loads when driving, and when overcoming obstacles you can simply fly to the ground.
Is it difficult to drive an ATV? If you know all the subtleties, then no. Well, experience comes with practice, there is no getting away from this rule. When you are moving in a straight line at a speed of less than 40 km / h, you can quite afford to relax.
If the speed is greater or you go through turns, then the body cannot be relaxed, you should extremely actively move while driving. The short base of the ATV and its high center of gravity, coupled with the small width of the vehicle, do not add stability to either you or the ATV itself.
It is also worth remembering that in most cases, when falling, the ATV tries to cover itself with the driver. You should not check the veracity of this rule on yourself, it is all already verified and proven before you.
Laws of physics
When you take a turn on an ATV, you need to use your own weight to fight centrifugal force. After all, tilt the ATV by analogy with a motorcycle does not work. Your task is to shift the center of gravity of your body to the side (inside) of rotation. This is necessary at corner passages at serious speeds. If you are moving slowly, just turn the steering wheel.
The same rule applies when driving on any bevels. You should move the center of gravity of your body to the opposite side of the bevel, to exclude both your fall and the ATV. If the bevel is serious, then you will even have to get up from the seat to maximize the movement of the body in the opposite direction.
Also, do not forget about the laws of physics during acceleration and during braking. When you accelerate, the ATV will try to jump out from under you forward. When braking, he will try to throw you forward through the steering wheel. It is worth knowing about this and you need to be prepared for such situations.
If you do not have a sports ATV, then it is better to abandon jumping. Firstly, it can damage the ATV. Secondly, for jumping at ATVs, motors must have traction and instant response to the accelerator handle.
If for some reason you still can’t avoid jumping on a non-sports ATV, you need to prepare for this. It is worthwhile to land in the middle stance, but be prepared for the transition to the rear. When the wheels of the ATV touch the ground, you need to smoothly add gas. It is advisable not to get into jumping on all-wheel drive.
Remember that the right to drive an ATV does not give you the skills to perform any tricks on it (ATV). Experience will come over time, just train and everything will work out. If you have questions about how to operate the ATV, the instructions we present to you should help in this.
When riding a quad bike you need to train yourself to look into the distance. This is necessary to develop the habit of evaluating the trajectory of movement in advance. Newbie drivers often do not have time to track their path, and sometimes find themselves in difficult situations, which can result in collisions with objects or falls.
The easiest way to start riding on simple routes and at the same time not to rush. It will be great if a more experienced driver will ride in front of you on some route. You will be able to focus on him and try to repeat his maneuvers if necessary.
Is it possible to drive an ATV with little experience? Yes, but you should not make yourself a driving virtuoso. The ATV is such a technique that forgives small errors at low speeds, but is very strict towards the driver when the speed increases. Learn to ride a quad bike gradually, preferably under the supervision of experienced drivers.
Do not immediately after buying your first ATV try to drive it through the mountains and forests at maximum speeds. It’s not going to end in anything good. Hone your driving skills at minimum speed and somewhere on the plains. It is safe for you and your ATV. And already when you start to feel confident, go to conquer the routes more difficult and do it a little faster. Experience will come to you with the kilometers traveled. There is no other way, just do not rush - and you will succeed.
What are the racks
- The middle rack is used, moving in a straight line. Feet need to bend a little at the knees, relax your back and arms, arms spread apart.
- When accelerating, climbing uphill, and also to load the front wheels, use the front rack.
- When braking, going down the mountain and in order to load the rear axle when it started slipping in the mud, it is necessary to take the rear rack.
- It is wrong to ride a quad bike, stand on straight legs, strain your back and lean on your hands. With such a stand you will get strong shock loads on the body, and when moving obstacles you can even fall out.
Moving in a straight line at low speed (up to 40 km / h), you can quite afford to relax. But at a higher speed or when passing sharp turns and slopes, the driver must move very actively. Indeed, because of the high center of gravity, short wheelbase and small width, ATVs are very prone to coups. In addition, if a motorcycle flies apart from a motorcyclist during falls, the ATV most often covers the driver. Therefore, in order to ensure that riding a quad bike does not end with serious injuries, it is necessary to study the driving rules and strictly follow them.
FREEDOM OF HAND
The weight of the ATV driver is an important factor that affects the handling of the car. Carrying its weight, the driver can unload or load the front or rear of the ATV, thus compensating for centrifugal forces.
The first rule that you must learn: when riding a quad bike you need to relax your hands. When driving, the driver can always let go of his hands, because his legs hold him in the saddle. With increasing speed, the load on the legs also increases.
Conditionally distinguish three racks. The middle stance is used when driving in a straight line without turns. Opening the gas, the body must be moved forward to unload the hands. Thus, the front pillar is obtained. When braking and closing the gas, the housing, on the contrary, needs to be brought back, i.e. take the rear rack. By the way, the word “stand” came from the word “stand”, and such a name is not accidental. With an active ride on an ATV, you don’t have to sit. Standing on the ATV, you lower the center of gravity. Indeed, between the weight located on a high saddle, and the weight falling on the steps, a huge difference. And the effect of moving the body in a standing position is much greater than from fidgeting back and forth on the saddle.
LAWS OF PHYSICS
Passing a turn on a motorcycle, it is tilted inward, thus fighting with centrifugal force. But with the ATV this will not work. Therefore, you must use the weight of the driver. The main rule here is to always carry the weight inside the turn. Moreover, you need not only to tilt your shoulders. It is necessary to hang the entire body, including the fifth point. Only the shin and knee hold onto the saddle. Of course, if you turn at minimum speed, you can limit yourself to turning the steering wheel.
NATURAL SHOCK ABSORBERS
The correct stance is characterized by slightly bent knees, elbows bent to the side, as well as a slightly bent and relaxed back. Why not stand on straight legs or keep your back straight and tense? Because bent knees allow you to absorb shock coming from uneven terrain. By the way, the force of these blows is sometimes quite enough to knock the driver out of the saddle. A direct tense back under such conditions can lead to injuries of the intervertebral discs and even compression fracture of the spine. Yes, and internal organs with an improper landing will have a hard time.
For an active ride on an ATV, you must have a good physical shape. So, in quadro schools, the duration of the lesson does not exceed an hour, and at the end of the lesson, students can literally be squeezed out. And driving an off-road ATV is also an occupation worthy of training in the gym.
When riding on non-sports models of ATVs, it is better to avoid jumping. First, you can break the ATV. Secondly, in order to safely perform such tricks, the ATV motor must have a high-torque and quick response to the gas handle. If you still couldn’t avoid the jump, then you need to land in the middle stance, but be prepared to move to the rear. When the wheels touch the ground, slightly open the gas. It is better not to use four-wheel drive when jumping.
Each time you ride a quad bike you need to train to look into the distance. This is necessary to develop the habit of evaluating the trajectory of movement in advance. Beginners often do not have time to track the road, and at some point are not ready to take adequate action. And another, very predictable obstacle, can be a problem for them.
Moving along the slope, it is necessary to move the body in the opposite direction to the slope. In the steepest areas, you need to use full hanging, such as when cornering at speed.
CLIMBING THE MOUNTAIN
Before you start climbing, you must pick up speed. Then the resulting inertia will allow you to smoothly call in the steepness. If you suddenly open the gas directly on the rise, the ATV may tip over. Rise should be in the maximum front strut and medium throttle. If the climb is too steep, the ATV may roll backward when releasing gas. In this case, do not brake the front axle, not the rear. If the ATV began to roll over, you can try to jump to the side, but this acrobatic stunt is unlikely to be successful.
WHERE WE TURN THERE AND BEND
If the driver shifts his torso outside the turn, then his centrifugal forces will pull him to the outer radius, and in order to stay in the saddle, he will need to hold onto the steering wheel tightly. At the same time, the ATV will definitely try to roll over. To avoid such an unpleasant situation, it is always necessary to remember a simple rule - to shift the body only in the direction of rotation. Those. if we turn left, then we shift the case to the left side, and vice versa.
Descent should be carried out in the rear rack. At the same time, arms should be extended and slightly bent at the elbows. There is no emphasis on hands, you can even let them go, holding on to your feet. The steeper the descent, the more the driver must shift the hull back. The bottom photo shows the consequences of the descent in the wrong landing. The main mistakes - the driver shifted the weight forward and pressed his hands to the body.