Latin abbreviations "I.e." and "e.g." often enough can be found in English literature, and indeed in everyday written language. Let's say even more: these abbreviations would be used even more often if people were more confident in understanding when it is necessary to use “ie,” and when “i.e.” Therefore, for a start, let's figure out what these simple reductions mean.
Abbreviation i.e. usually inserted in the sentence as a substitute for “that is”. The abbreviation came to English from the Latin language and in the not stripped-down version was written as “id est”. I.e. it is appropriate to use the phrase “in other words” or “that is” (as mentioned above) as a substitute. This abbreviation is used when it is necessary to highlight something more clearly or to clarify.
“E.g.” means “for example.” Like the first abbreviation, abbreviation e.g. appeared from the Latin expression “exempli gratia” (“for the sake of example”). “E.g.” is appropriate to use in cases where you do not intend to list all that is being discussed.
Examples of the use of “i.e.” and “e.g.”:
Example 1. Places
I.E. (Id est)
I am going to the place where I relax best, i.e., the coffee shop.
There is only one place that in my opinion is the best for relaxation. With the help of “i.e.” I show everyone that I especially like to relax in this place.
E.G. (Exempli Gratia)
At the places where I relax well, e.g., Tchibo, I have none of the distractions I have at home.
There are a large number of coffee houses that I like, for example, one of them is the Tchibo chain of coffee houses
The abbreviation “e.g.” can be used with several examples at once, but you should not end all of your examples “etc”. No need to write: I like coffee shops, e.g., Tchibo, Starbucks, etc. Instead, it is better to write this: There is debate as to whether some of the Ottonian emperors (e.g., Saint Henry II and Otto I the Great) were evil.
Example 2. Elena Troyanskaya and her brothers and sisters
Where and how to use i.e. and e.g.?
E.g. means "for example." Therefore, we insert this abbreviation to provide some examples:
Buy some vegetables, e.g., carrots.
I.e. means "that is." This expression is needed in order to introduce an explanation, detail:
The three U.S. states on the west coast (i.e., Washington, Oregon and California) have favorable climates.
If you are still not sure whether you can use these abbreviations, do not despair: you can always replace them with 'in other words' and 'for example'. In the end, there is no doctrine or guide to the mandatory use of Latin designations.
The author will be very happy
“I.e.” and “e.g.” - two abbreviations that many people confuse in written messages in English, as well as in translation. Therefore, it is worthwhile to understand their origin, meaning and use, and, of course, the correct punctuation.
I.e. means “in essence”, “in essence”, “basically”, “in general”, “that is”, “in other words”. The abbreviation comes from the Latin “id est” (“that is” in English).
E.g. means “for example” and comes from the Latin “exempli gratia” (“for example” in English).
How to remember them and not make mistakes when writing English text? Native English speakers have one good tip. Abbreviation i.e. starts with a letter “I”, but means the expression “In Essence ”or“In other words. ”And although both expressions are not an exact translation from Latin, they nevertheless convey a general meaning, which allows us to make a choice in favor of “I.e.”. To remember in which cases you need to write “E.g.”, you can again resort to an associative example - “Example Given. " You can also associate with the word “Example ”that starts with a letter “E”.
Let's see how both abbreviations are used in writing.
Many students and scholars use Latin abbreviations in their texts. But not everyone knows that after some expressions you need to put a period or separate them with commas.
Educational Technology and Mobile Learning has published an infographic on the proper use of expressions such as etc., e.g. and cf. Infographics are based on the popular APA standard of scientific texts.
More detailed rules for using Latin expressions can be found on the APA website itself. Among other things, examples and helpful design tips are provided.